Romania has 6.3 million hectares of forestland, which accounts for 28 % of the total land area and the demand for energy from renewable raw materials is growing in Romania due to high dependency on fossil fuel imports and especially in view of the EU Renewable Energy Directive. Within the country, the biomass energy sector is divided. Wood production is concentrated in the Carpathians and the lower Carpathians, while agricultural by-products are produced in the south of the country and the region of Moldavia.
Biomass is predominantly used in rural areas and at the town outskirts for heating and food preparation by means of traditional technologies. Only a small amount of the energy from biomass is used in modern and low-emission facilities.
Pellets are produced by at least 21 manufacturers with a total estimated production capacity of about 260,000 tons/year.
Although the number of pellet plants had increased rapidly within the last few years, the use of wood pellets in Romania especially for private heating is still very limited. At least 80 % of the production is exported. The most relevant export countries are Italy followed by Austria, Hungary and Germany.
There is no private end-consumer market for loose pellets at the moment. Pellets are sold in bags (15 kg) either directly at the pellet plants or they are offered by various retailers (e.g. Metro, baumax, Praktiker); the end-user is responsible for the transport. Pellets in stores are said to be nearly twice as expensive as bought directly at the pellet plant. The price data shown on the PELLETS@LAS website represents only prices of pellets sold directly at the plants.
To promote the development of a national pellet market a Romanian pellet association was founded in 2008.
Please refer to the Publication section for a comprehensive report on the Romanian pellet market.