Malta is a country with a negligible potential of agricultural and wood biofuel production. Limited freshwater resources (50% of potable water is supplied from desalination), high population density and poor soil fertility are the reasons for low productivity.

The major part of all wood products, including wood pellets, used in Malta is imported. Wood products are mainly imported from France, Italy and Germany. However, the use of wood pellets in Malta increases the diversity of fuel imports and therefore limits the risks of energy import dependency.

In 2008, around 650 tonnes of sawdust, wood wastes and scraps (including pellets made thereof) were imported to Malta. Pellets are mainly used in the residential sector in stoves and pellets are bought by the customers in small bags (15 – 20 Kg).